What is Periodontitis?
The term Periodontal disease or periodontitis identifies the oral disease commonly known as "pyorrhoea" and technically defined as "loss of the periodontal attachment". It initially manifests with a clinical picture of marginal gingivitis (bleeding, red, swollen and painful gums).
Periodontal disease is very widespread among the world population and recent studies estimate that in25% of the cases there is rapid development that is destructive and high debilitating. Accordingto data published by the Italian Periodontal Society (SidP) in 2003, it appears that 60% of adults in Italy suffer from various degrees of periodontal disease, 10-14% of which have severe and advanced cases. There has been a drastic increase in the 35 to 44 age range.
How does it occur?
Periodontitis is a multifactorial inflammatory disease in which the bacterial infection of the periodontal tissues represents a condition that is sufficient for and conducive to the development and progression of the disease. There are also numerous other causes such as smoking, hormonal imbalances, endocrine and systemic diseases and poor dental hygiene that are capable of facilitating and considerably accelerating the disease.
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