Caries are one of the most widespread pathologies worldwide in both adults and children. This is a disease with a multifactorial and transmissible aetiology that causes the destruction of the hard dental tissues and results in pain and finally loss of the dental elements involved, calling for costly clinical treatments.
Scientific data demonstrate that the risk factors leading to the onset of caries are as follows:
- The presence of specific microbial species in the oral cavity (Streptococcus mutans).
- Features of the host in relation to the saliva produced and the ability to maintain a pH in the mouth that protects teeth from demineralisation and therefore from bacterial attacks.
- A diet that includes the frequent consumption of carbohydrates that can be fermented by bacteria.
The Caries Risk Assessment is a painless, non-invasive test that allows for establishing the individual risk of developing caries simply by means of an analysis of the saliva and use of a microbiological swab.
The Caries Risk Assessment enables the dentist to implement a personalised prevention programme as well as making the patient aware of the need to observe correct hygiene and eating habits in order to reduce the risk of developing caries.
Caries Risk Assessment is therefore an indispensable instrument for preventing caries.